US forces are adopting battle techniques employed by Napoleon two centuries ago to counter guerrilla attacks in Iraq.
A military official tells The Associated Press that frequent raids on homes and villages to target suspects are based largely on Napoleon's experiences with insurgents, and French techniques used in Algeria in the 1950s and 60s.
Lieutenant Colonel Steven Russell says the US has been able to adapt and counter the rebel attacks by studying what methods worked in the past and which could work in Iraq. As convoys continued to be ambushed, soldiers have added makeshift armor protection by bolting steel plates to the sides of their vehicles.
Guerrillas use small and highly mobile combat groups to strike the enemy when least expected, and at the weak spots. It was first used at the start of the 19th century against Napoleonic forces in Spain and Russia.