You've heard the saying, "let's bury the hatchet," when making up with someone? Well, that came from a native American peace ceremony. On August 19, 1749, four Apache chiefs buried a hatchet and other weapons in a ceremony in San Antonio. The ceremony signified the Apaches' acceptance of Catholic conversion in exchange for Spanish protection from Comanche raids, which had decimated the Apache population. Things didn't really go well after that ceremony, ultimately.
On August 19, 1895, notorious killer John Wesley Hardin was himself killed in a gunfight at El Paso's Acme Saloon. Though he was the son of a Methodist preacher, he showed a violent personality at an early age in his hometown of Bonham. He claimed to have killed more than twenty men. It is thought that his own killer was angry that he had not paid him for killing his lover's husband.
And for more Texas history, check out these links:
Mexican congress passes colonization law - August 18, 1824
Gutierrez-Magee expedition squashed in bloodiest Texas battle - August 18, 1813
A repeat hurricane demolished Indianola, a settlement in Calhoun County - August 20, 1886
Peace declared between the U.S. and Texas - August 20, 1866
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