Now that the calendar says we are in June, we are now officially in meteorological summer. In hearing this, many of you may be confused. After all, astronomical summer, which arrives around June 20th each year, is what many of you use to welcome in the summer season.
There is a difference in the two summer seasons, so let me clarify the difference between the two so you will not be confused.
Meteorological summer is defined as the three month period that runs from June 1st through August 31st. The meteorological community uses this three month period to define our weather records and the temperature cycle for the entire summer season. The amount of rain and the temperatures we experience over these next three months will define the 2016 summer season, just like the three month period from March through May encompasses our spring temperature and precipitation records.
Astronomical summer, often referred to as the summer solstice, is directly tied into the earth’s rotation and tilt on its axis in relation to the sun. This is the day in which the sun’s rays are directly over the Tropic of Cancer and we take on our longest day of the year in which we receive over fourteen hours of daylight. The summer solstice this year will take place on June 20th at 5:34 pm.
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